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  What is Vitargo® S2?  
  Vitargo® is a patented molecular carbohydrate derived from a special barley starch. S2 means Super Soluble—much easier to mix. Vitargo®S2 is unique because it is specially processed to yield a molecular profile that is massively different from the carbs that make up sugars (e.g. glucose, fructose, sucrose) and maltodextrin found in ordinary sport, energy, and recovery drinks. Most importantly, Vitargo® is proven to work in athletes—in university studies. Part of the secret of Vitargo®’s IVg technology is the molecular size of Vitargo®. Scientists use molecular weight (how heavy the molecule is) to determine the size of molecules. As shown in the table, Vitargo® is hundreds and thousands of times larger than maltodextrin and sucrose (dextrose).  
Vitargo® 500,000 to 700,000  
Maltodextrin 1,000 to 10,000  
Starch syrup 250 to 1,000  
Sucrose (Dextrose) 180  
  But molecular size alone does not make Vitargo® the Fastest Muscle Fuel. Vitargo® is made through a special fractionation process that makes it rapidly digestible and therefore capable of delivering glucose to the blood, liver, and muscle at least twice as fast as other ordinary carbs. Other so-called “high molecular weight” carbs are “weightless” when it comes to proof—they have zero university studies showing superior fuel delivery or performance in humans.  
  Is Vitargo® the same thing as “waxy maize” or high molecular weight starches?  
  Vitargo® can be made from most plant starches—what makes Vitargo® patented and the Fastest Muscle Fuel™ is not the source or the molecular size but the unique, patented molecular “handprint”, proven in university studies in athletes—not lab rats or test tubes—to greatly outperform other ordinary carbs, from your gut to getting more performance within 2 hours after exhaustive exercise. In fact, the first two studies done on Vitargo® used potato starch as the starting source. For several years through 2005, Vitargo® was made from a special strain of corn that is higher in starch—waxy maize. This is where other companies have gotten the idea of using different “waxy maize” starches. However, none of these other, non-Vitargo starches have any human studies showing a Vitargo® effect. Furthermore, some of these unproven carbohydrate source might even cost less, however some of them, based upon laboratory analysis, are likely to be indigestible, delivering little or no glucose to the blood, liver, and muscles. If you want Vitargo® results…get Vitargo®S2. It’s cheaper to lose™.  
  How does Vitargo® work?  
  Vitargo® is a molecule that dwarfs sugars (e.g glucose, fructose and sucrose) as well as maltodextrin, the carbs found in ordinary energy and recovery drinks. Vitargo®’s larger size minimizes its osmolality, which refers to how much water it draws around it. Vitargo®’s low osmolality allows it to move through the stomach over 2X faster than other carbohydrates, which tend to act more like a sponge in the stomach. Spending less time in the stomach allows Vitargo® to be delivered to the part of the intestinal tract—the duodenum—where it is rapidly digested and absorbed. This provides a near immediate surge in energy to blood and muscle, superior to other ordinary carbohydrates. After training or competition is over Vitargo® recovers glycogen 168% faster, allowing for an increase in performance up to 23% greater after just two hours when compared to carbohydrates found in ordinary sport and recovery drinks.  
  Will Vitargo® make me feel bloated?  
  Carbohydrate-based energy and recovery beverages can make you feel bloated. That’s because the type of carbohydrate used in ordinary formulas act like sponges drawing water into the stomach, which can causing uncomfortable bloating, distension, and cramping. Vitargo® is a patented molecular carbohydrate form proven to empty from the stomach faster and be absorbed into the body more quickly. In fact, university researchers found that Vitargo® emptied from the stomach more than 2X faster than a comparable beverage with sugars and maltodextrin, the types of carbohydrates used in many popular sports/energy and recovery drinks and powders.

This may explain why many of our elite and pro athlete users notice no bloating or “heavy stomach” feeling when they use Vitargo S2 before or during training or competition.
  Why doesn’t Vitargo®S2 contain vitamins and other nutrients?  
  Vitargo®S2 doesn’t contain vitamins and other nutrients for two reasons. First, the addition of vitamins and other nutrients can impact the ability of VitargoS2 to get fuel to muscle and the rest of the body quicker than other carbohydrate sources. This is the critical factor here. Secondly, in order for vitamins, most minerals and other nutrients to be absorbed and processed internally optimally they be should consumed with real food.  
  Can’t I just eat pasta, bread or other carbohydrate foods to get the same results?  
  Without question these foods will help refuel muscle and liver glycogen stores. However the question really should be will they refuel and recover glycogen stores as fast as Vitargo®S2 and without the bloating and “heavy stomach” feeling? If you are training or competing the next day or sooner you need to choose the carbohydrate source that is research proven to accelerate refueling and recovery after exhaustive exercise. Remember, unless a food or supplement is studied in its actual form you can’t be sure it will work the way you want (or the product claims).  
  What does the “S2” mean?  
  Vitargo® is made from barley and is considered a starch, amylopectin to be exact. In general, starches don’t mix very well in water. Vitargo®S2 is a Super Soluble form that mixes more easily in water than other starches, and even previous forms of Vitargo.  
  Is Vitargo® S2 Sugar Free?  
  Unlike most other sport drinks and recovery supplements Vitargo® is 100% sugar free! That means that you can enjoy Vitargo® before, during or after training or anytime and not be concerned about taking in any sugars.  
  Is Vitargo® S2 vegetarian?  
  Yes. Vitargo® is made from barley starch and will fit in any vegetarian nutrition plan.  
  What is used to sweeten flavored Vitargo® S2 versions?  
  The two flavored versions of Vitargo S2, Tropical Fruit and Juicy Orange, use sucralose as a sweetener. Sucralose is a calorie- and sugar-free artifical sweetener. Vitargo®S2 also is available in an unflavored and unsweetened form. This contains just Vitargo in its 100% pure form.  
  Can I use Vitargo® to Carb-Load prior to Competition?  
  Absolutely—we encourage you to! In fact, using Vitargo®S2 during carbo-loading is common among elite athletes and Olympic competitors. You can use Vitargo in shakes and smoothies as a sugar-free carbohydrate source. Each scoop provides 35 grams of glycogen-building carbohydrate (or 70 grams/serving). Many athletes use Vitargo®S2 between meals to ensure they meet their carbohydrate goals during loading and after exhaustive training so that they can eat normally during regular meals.  
  Is Vitargo® safe?  
  Vitargo is a safe, natural carbohydrate derived from barley and has been used by athletes world-wide for years.